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Every web browser needs specific permissions enabled to allow the program to access your microphone and webcam. You can deny access to your mic and camera to prevent your browser from listening or watching you.

Each internet browser does this a little differently, but they all provide you with the necessary tools to stop websites from using your camera and/or mic. You just need to know where to look.

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    Once you’ve told your favorite browser to quit letting websites use your camera or mic, you’ll have to return to the settings described below to permit access, like if you want to record yourself with your webcam.

    How to Block Camera and Mic Access in Every Major Browser image

    Otherwise, any website asking to use these devices will not be able to. You can finally keep your mic and webcam plugged in without worry that a website will start listening or watching you privately.

    Chrome

    Chrome has a global setting that, when enabled, forces you to give permission to each website that requests access to your mic or camera. If you do this, then the next time a website asks to use your camera or microphone, you can just deny it from the pop-up message.

    Step 1: Select the dotted menu button at the upper-right side of Chrome, and then choose Settings.

    Chrome image

    Step 2: Scroll to the bottom and select Advanced.

    Chrome image 2

    Step 3: Choose Site Settings.

    Chrome image 3

    Step 4: Select Camera and press the button next to Ask before accessing to make sure Chrome requires your permission for camera access.

    Chrome image 4

    Step 5: Press the back arrow at the top left and then choose Microphone to enable the same setting there, too.

    Chrome image 5

    You can also block specific sites from using your mic and/or webcam. This is useful if you’ve already given access to the site once before but now you want to block it. Or, if you don’t ever want to be prompted to give the site permission to use your devices, you can follow these steps.

    Step 1: Visit the site in question and select the lock icon from the left side of the URL.

    Step 2: Select Site settings.

    Chrome image 6

    Step 3: Next to Camera and/or Microphone, select the menu and choose Block.

    Chrome image 7

    Firefox

    The Firefox browser lets you prevent websites from accessing your camera and mic from the Privacy & Security area of the settings.

    Step 1: Use the three-lined menu at the top right corner of Firefox to access Options.

    Firefox image

    Step 2: Select Privacy & Security on the left side of the program.

    Firefox image 2

    Step 3: Scroll to the Permissions area and choose Settings next to Camera and/or Microphone.

    Firefox image 3

    Step 4: Select Block new requests asking to access your camera (or microphone) from the bottom.

    Firefox image 4

    Step 5: Hit Save Changes.

    If while on Step 3, you see a website already in the list, it means that you’ve already given that site permission to use your webcam and/or mic. Select the site and choose Remove Website to block it. If there are several there and you want none of them to use your webcam or mic, just hit the Remove All Websites button.

    Opera

    Opera works a lot like Chrome, so you can both block specific sites from using your camera/mic and force all sites to ask you first before they can hear or see you.

    Here’s how to enable the global “ask” setting:

    Step 1: Select Settings from the Opera menu.

    Opera image

    Step 2: Expand the Advanced item on the left and choose Privacy & Security below it.

    Step 3: Choose Site Settings on the right.

    Opera image 2

    Step 4: Select Camera and/or Microphone.

    Opera image 3

    Step 5: Make sure the Ask before accessing item is enabled.

    Opera image 4

    If you’re on a specific website and want to ensure that it can’t use your camera or mic, do this:

    Step 1: Select the lock icon to the left of the URL at the top of Opera

    Step 2: Choose Site settings.

    Step 3: Select Block next to Camera and/or Microphone.

    Opera image 5

    Safari

    To block your camera or mic in Safari, access the Websites area of the browser’s settings.

    Step 1: Go to Safari > Preferences.

    Safari image

    Step 2: Open the Websites tab at the top and then choose Camera or Microphone.

    Safari image 2

    Step 4: Select the menu at the bottom and choose Deny. This prevents websites not listed in the above section from using your webcam or mic. If a website you want to control is currently open, you can control how just that one website can use your camera and microphone by using the menu next to the URL.

    Safari image 3

    Edge

    Camera and mic access is controlled for Microsoft Edge through Windows 10 Settings.

    Tip: Learn how to use the Windows 10 Camera app.

    Step 1: Right-click or tap-and-hold the Start button, and choose Settings.

    Edge image

    Step 2: Select Privacy.

    Edge image 2

    Step 3: Choose Camera or Microphone from the left pane.

    Edge image 3

    Step 4: Scroll down to Microsoft Edge and select the button next to it to change access to Off.

    Edge image 4

    Internet Explorer

    When a website requests access to your camera or mic in Internet Explorer, you have to select Deny to block it. However, you can also open the Flash Player Settings Manager to block all sites from using your camera and microphone.

    Step 1: Open Control Panel. You can do so from the Start menu or by executing the control command in the Run dialog box (WIN+R).

    Internet Explorer image

    Step 2: Search Control Panel for flash, and open Flash Player when you see it in the list.

    Internet Explorer image 2

    Step 3: Go into the Camera and Mic tab and select Block all sites from using the camera and microphone. To block specific sites from using your microphone or webcam, use the Camera and Microphone Settings by Site button to add URLs to the block list.

    Internet Explorer image 3

    Yandex Browser

    Disable your webcam and/or microphone in Yandex Browser with an extremely straightforward setting. Doing this will block all sites from using your mic and/or camera:

    Step 1: Select the three-lined button at the top right of the browser, to the left of the minimize button, and choose Settings.

    Yandex Browser image

    Step 2: Select Websites on the left, and then Advanced site settings from the right pane.

    Yandex Browser image 2

    Step 3: Select Not allowed under Access to your camera and/or Access to your microphone.

    Yandex Browser image 3

    If you want to manage existing permissions for individual sites that you’ve already enabled access for, repeat these steps but instead of choosing the “Not allowed” option, select Sites advanced settings to choose which sites to quit allowing.